Tuesday, August 25, 2009


Redirect Users Folders To A Common Directory Using Folder Re-Direction In Windows Server

Folder Redirection is one of the undiscovered gems amongst the myriad of Microsoft Group Policies. First, configure the file locations of saved files and secondly, master folder redirection, the result will be greater efficiency for both you and your users.
Let us remind ourselves of where Microsoft Office programs save their files. By default, all Word and Excel files are directed to the My Documents folder. What do people do? In Word or Excel, they change the paths under Tools Menu, amend File Locations to point to their home directory. To complete the circle, the administrator must map a network drive to the user's home directory on the server. 
Perhaps now you can see what I mean by saving time? In one fell swoop, you can configure a Group Policy which redirects the My Documents to the server and forget about mapping network drives for home directories.

Folder Redirection can be achieved to the following folders.
  • Application Data
  • Desktop
  • My Documents
  • Start Menu

Application Data Group Policy - Folder Redirection
What we are configuring here is client side caching. My view is that normally, clients can adequately cache their own programs locally. This Application Data setting is different from the Folder Redirection for the 'My Documents'. Perhaps caching is one of those Group Policies that you only need for laptops. 

Ok, now let us move on to more important policies: Desktop and My Documents.

DesktopGroup Policy - Folder Redirection
There is a knack to configuring all these 4 redirection settings. At first, it seems as though there are no policies in the container. However, if you right click one of the yellow folders, for example 'Desktop' and select Properties, then a rich selection of settings comes into view.
From the first menu, select Target, now drop down the Settings box and choose: 'Advanced' - Specify Location for various user groups'. Choose 'Advanced' where you want all people to whom this policy applies to have their own desktop. In real life the 'Basic' setting may be better for the Desktop, while 'Advanced is more appropriate for the 'My Documents' folder.

If you are organized, then you would have shared out the redirect folder on the server. However even if you haven't, you can still choose the group you intend to redirect. As you share out the folder on the server, so the path changes to the famous %UserName%. Permissions permitting, the subfolders are created automatically thanks to %UserName%. 

My DocumentsFolder Redirection Settings
Whilst the 'My Documents' folder is probably the most import redirection setting, the principles are much the same as the previous folders. What I would like to concentrate on here is the Settings Tab.
Once again, in Windows Server 2003, Microsoft have thought of everything. What I particularly like is the control you have over moving the files, and there are even options for what do to if the policy is removed.

Finally, at the bottom you have decisions on what do about the My Pictures sub folder.

Start Menu
The start menu uses the same technology as the other folders. However, your strategy for the Start Menu is likely to be different from the strategy for Folder Redirection. Therefore, I suggest that for Start Menu settings that you point everyone in the group to the same folder on the Windows server. The tactic is then to fill this folder with Start Menu icons. There is no need for the %UserName% variable, instead why not give all the users in the group, the same Start Menu experience.

Where you have subfolders off the Start Menu, no worries, like well behaved children, they follow their parent folders automatically!


About bench3 -

Haja Peer Mohamed H, Software Engineer by profession, Author, Founder and CEO of "bench3" you can connect with me on Twitter , Facebook and also onGoogle+

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Write comments
October 12, 2009 at 9:31 PM delete

Really a usefull information. But what you have said applies to windows server it seems.. is there any way that we can do the same in windows XP.. or Vista and Windows 7. If any know, know such ideas, please help me to learn that trick!